On October 31, many celebrate Halloween by dressing up in the dark as undead, but did you know a less well-known holiday occurs on the same day which celebrates light? In five German states and in other countries in Europe, they celebrate Reformation Day as a national holiday. What is Reformation Day? It is a holiday to celebrate a historical event that does not find its origin in bloody revolution but in peaceful protest of religious corruption. Isn’t it just different sects arguing about an insignificant matter? If that were the case, it should seem strange that even the side effects of the Reformation could bring as much positive social reform as it did, not just in Europe but worldwide. Even countries as far away as Korea have benefited from the “Protestant work ethic,” the explosion of public education and literacy rates, the separation of church and government (see “How the Reformation Changed Everything,” podcast with Dr. John Warwick Montgomery), and the freedom to make Bible translations into local languages without being threatened with a public execution. Even today, the vast number of Korean churches are Protestant (Mostly Presbyterian, then Methodist or Baptist) and hold to Sola Scriptura.

All of this was sparked 500 years ago on Oct. 31, 1517 because of one issue: the issue of how souls are made right before God. A German Augustinian monk named Martin Luther protested church-approved marketing phrases (Theses numbers 27 and 28) used by donation collectors like Johann Tetzel who said, “When the coin in the coffer rings, the soul from Purgatory springs.” This soul-purchasing money built St. Peter’s Basilica and funded the beautification of Rome by famous artists like Michael Angelo (“What is Reformation Day?” Stephen J. Nichols). Actually, many had called for reform before Luther, because the corruption in the Roman Catholic Church was obvious. There had even been forty years (1378-1417) when the church had three popes! According to church historian W. Robert Godfrey, this degree of corruption had caused an ongoing debate on whether councils or popes held the most authority in the church. So when Martin Luther received his chance to debate lead theologians like Johann Eck, he shouldn’t have been surprised that they refused to reason from Scripture but rather proved that Luther, in fact, disagreed with popes and councils. Whether those popes and councils had erred according to God’s Word was conveniently ignored.

Why is Reformation Day important? With our human propensity to corruption and error, the constant reminder for Reformation to fundamentals in a variety of subjects could not be more relevant today. But the crucial matter discussed by Luther and the Reformers was and is the question, “What must I do to have eternal life?” Are we right before God by submitting to church authorities or is it rather faith in God’s good-news promises of Amazing Grace? Is Jesus a sufficient savior for the sinful wretch, or does God only help those who help themselves? The differences couldn’t be more pronounced and these differences remain protested today.

Summarizing five major points made by the Reformers are slogans called Solas, which means “alone” in latin.

Sola Scriptura – The ultimate authority for all to know God’s mind is through God’s Word alone. By Scripture we test all ideas and urges which we might wish that God had given us (1 Cor 4:6).
Sola Fide – We are saved by “Faith alone” (Gal 2:16). It is a faith in Jesus and his work that saves, but it is not a faith that is alone, for works bloom from faith.
Sola Gratia – Our salvation is a work of grace as a gift from God, so it is “grace alone” that initiates salvation, not our own will, so that none may boast (Eph 2:8-9).
Solus Christus – Salvation is through “Jesus Christ alone” and that by faith in him. (Acts 4:2)
Soli Deo Gloria – “Glory to God alone” (Isa 48:11). Jesus’ death on the cross is meaningless if all we needed were better guidelines for niceness (Gal 2:21), but a hero who does it all ought to get all the credit (Rev 7:10).


Jesus has the reputation in this age for being super nice to everyone at all times and never impolite by our cultural standards. While it is true that he always cared for people and he was generally always polite by his culture’s standards, society has Jesus all wrong. If we believe Jesus shares all of today’s Politically Correct standards, we will find ourselves shocked, perhaps even have our faith rocked, by reading the actual, recorded statements of Jesus. We may wonder why he calls his mother simply “woman,” or why he apparently calls a Canaanite woman and her daughter “dogs,” or how he spoke to his friends as being “dull” when they didn’t understand him. This isn’t the Buddy-Jesus many learn about through pop culture and Sunday School, but this is the Jesus we read about in his own words. Maybe the one-sided Jesus in the popular mind is a symptom of just how out of proportion our sensibilities are.

What if I were studying for a crucial exam in a university library when suddenly you burst in, pointed at me authoritatively, and shouted harshly, “Get out! Get out now!” That would be incredibly rude and in some cultures, like Korea, the words alone at such a time would even be considered an unforgivable insult. But what if you had a very good reason to offend our sensibilities in that quiet room? What if, having no time to be specific, you were warning us that an airplane was about to crash into the library? You were trying to save our lives. Shouldn’t that change how I should view your harsh words?

Now no analogy is perfect, but allow it as a suggestion that much of our offense at the God of the Bible is a result of this sort of misjudgment of our predicament. Perhaps Jesus’s harshest words are found in Matthew 23. His tone can hardly be missed with expressions like, “You blind fools!” peppered through-out his pronouncement of “seven woes”. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut the kingdom of heaven in people’s faces. For you neither enter yourselves nor allow those who would enter to go in (Matt 23:13 ESV).” He goes on and on without restraint, publicly denouncing specific practices of which they are indeed guilty. “You serpents, you brood of vipers, how are you to escape being sentenced to hell? Therefore, I send you prophets and wise men and scribes, some of whom you will kill and crucify . . .” (23:33-34). Yet, even in this angry tirade of pronouncing damnation like an old Jewish prophet, his rage is obviously motivated by love. He finishes with a pining plea, “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to it! How often would I have gathered your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you were not willing! (23:37)”

If harsh words in a library are needed to provoke an emergency evacuation that saves life, how much more Jesus’s harsh words to a people in danger of the punishment of eternal hell? Perhaps our estimation of Jesus is so mild, because our appraisal of our predicament is also too bland.

the blind receive their sight,
the lame walk, lepers are cleansed,
and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up,
the poor have good news preached to them.
And blessed is the one who is not offended by me.

(Luke 7:22-23 ESV)

A Matter of Fact

Χριστός ἀνέστη! (Cristos Anesti!) someone calls out.
Ἀληθῶς ἀνέστη! (Alethos Anesti!) comes the response.
In English, “He is risen!”
“He is risen indeed!”
Ages before anyone spoke English, this traditional Easter greeting about Cristos (Jesus Christ) was stated in Greek. Alethos (truly) Anesti (has been raised) affirms that Easter is not a belief in a good teacher’s example. Rather the resurrection is a matter of truth, not only for your own soul, whoever you are, but also first a truth of human history. The Apostle’s Creed contains perhaps the most controversial thing about Christianity, that of Jesus suffering “under Pontius Pilate.” Why mention the Roman governor of the time? Only because this affirms that Jesus lived in real history and raised not metaphorically, which would be untestable, but that he rose bodily, leaving a physically empty tomb “on the third day.” God’s good news is tangible and testable and begs anyone to ask honest questions as to why this news should be believed or how it has any connection to modern people.

This is not a matter of blind faith, but of sure faith in the one who is the main character of history: God. Some may ask, “What difference does it make if it happened?” But if they really wondered about it, they would realize that the created owes everything to the Creator, or that the guilty must settle their accounts with the Judge, or at minimum, that a victim calling for rescue ought to recognize their Rescuer. Would someone demanding an answer to why there is so much injustice in the world turn a blind eye to The Answer for which they passionately cry?

Take the challenge for truth and come to trust in Christ’s once-and-for-all-time sacrifice for sins, whether to believe it first yourself or to grow in boldness to share this wonderful Good News with skeptical friends and family. It matters, because “if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins.” (1 Corinthians 15:17)

[Jesus] also told this parable to some who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and treated others with contempt:

“Two men went up into the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. The Pharisee, standing by himself, prayed thus: ‘God, I thank you that I am not like other men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even like this tax collector. I fast twice a week; I give tithes of all that I get.’ But the tax collector, standing far off, would not even lift up his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast, saying, ‘God, be merciful to me, a sinner!’ I tell you, this man went down to his house justified, rather than the other. For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but the one who humbles himself will be exalted.”
(Luke 18:9-14 ESV)

In this story, Jesus is not just criticizing someone on the religious right. He is criticizing anyone who is arrogant enough to forget or whitewash the sin they have done and focus on all their perceived great accomplishments. That seems to hit both sides of the political spectrum. There are many “Pharisees” who pretend to be religious and pure (sinner is always a word for others and not themselves) and there are many who are liberally approving of all kinds of actions and omissions so that they won’t be able to consider themselves sinners either. Both are trusting in themselves that they are righteous (aka self-righteous), and both demonize and hate others who don’t fit their personal standards. The humble person who takes up God’s standards, sees his evil and due to acknowledging pride expects more evils that he can’t see, that person will be forgiven and justified as righteous before God for his faith in God’s Word. So says Jesus (see also Rom 3-4).

The Tax collector’s prayer was heard and his faith rewarded because it was not a blind faith in his own ability to clean up by his own standards. It was not even a faith in his ability to meet God’s standards. Rather it was a faith in God’s guarantees that He forgives truly repentant sinners, cleans them up, and considers them righteous until such time as they really are made righteous (i.e. sinless by God’s standards). Until then, our faith in God and his Word about Jesus is counted as righteousness. I pray you are enjoying that very gift with me.

“For by works of the law no human being will be justified in his sight, since through the law comes knowledge of sin. But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it—the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction: for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith.”
(Romans 3:20-25)

credit Daniel Eisenstein and SDSS-III

A map of galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and its Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey.

Many use the phrase “the Abrahamic religions” to describe Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. But what does this mean? Do we mean that each religion is a legitimate descendant of the faith Abraham shared or that these three religions merely claim it? If we care about truth, we must accept the second definition, because the three expressions radically contradict. Therefore they cannot all express Abraham’s faith. So what was the faith of Abraham? We must look to Genesis (the earliest account of Abraham’s life) and compare it to Jesus’ own teachings as passed on through his apostles. Doing so, the Christian faith is found to follow Abraham’s faith.

And [God] brought [Abraham] outside and said, “Look toward heaven, and number the stars, if you are able to number them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your offspring be.” And he believed the LORD, and he counted it to him as righteousness. (Genesis 15:5-6 ESV)

For the promise to Abraham and his offspring that he would be heir of the world did not come through the law but through the righteousness of faith. For if it is the adherents of the law who are to be the heirs, faith is null and the promise is void . . . That is why it depends on faith, in order that the promise may rest on grace and be guaranteed to all his offspring—not only to the adherent of the law but also to the one who shares the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all, as it is written, “I have made you the father of many nations”—in the presence of the God in whom he believed, who gives life to the dead and calls into existence the things that do not exist. In hope he believed against hope, that he should become the father of many nations, as he had been told, “So shall your offspring be.” . . . No unbelief made him waver concerning the promise of God, but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God, fully convinced that God was able to do what he had promised. That is why his faith was “counted to him as righteousness.” But the words “it was counted to him” were not written for his sake alone, but for ours also. It will be counted to us who believe in him who raised from the dead Jesus our Lord, who was delivered up for our trespasses and raised for our justification.
(Romans 4:13-25)

Know then that it is those of faith who are the sons of Abraham. And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “In you shall all the nations be blessed.” So then, those who are of faith are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith. (Galatians 3:7-9)

For more, read Galatians and Romans 4-5, and of course the rest of Genesis. Discover that Abraham’s saving faith was a faith in God’s grace and promises rather than an obedience to laws. We must conclude that the only truly Abrahamic faith is one that trusts that God saves by faith in his promises and good news.

Image credit: Daniel Eisenstein and SDSS-III (http://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/119797.php)

Now I would remind you, brothers, of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand, and by which you are being saved, if you hold fast to the word I preached to you—unless you believed in vain. For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep. (1 Corinthians 15:1-6 ESV)

Are all religions essentially the same? Aren’t they just superficially different? As the Beatles have said in song, “Love is all you need.” Yet love seems to be in short supply! It is not as easy as they make it seem, because Love for God is the only command God has given us and yet how many of us have loved God with all our heart a single day of our lives? Jesus taught that the love of many will grow cold and people will be judged for their evil thoughts and activities unless they believe Jesus was the real deal. And our text today shows that the original preachers did not consider their message of “first importance” to be “love is all you need.” Rather they preached that Jesus physically resurrected and that his innocent death on the cross paid for the problem many refuse to admit, that we love ourselves more than God.

At least love seems to matter to us, but does the truth about reality matter to us? Should we not love truth as well? Everyone seems to have an opinion, but does our Great Designer have His say in the matter? Christianity is essentially based on what Jesus said and did. And He didn’t come preaching about kindness and love. He came preaching forgiveness from a Holy God who has promised wrath and judgement for the loveless sins you and I have committed. He came offering himself as a substitute “ransom” to pay for the sins of many who will trust and believe him. Sin is a debt. Sin is misplaced love. Sin is an evil crime. Sin is setting our own purposes for our life above and against God’s purposes for us. In short, sin is a refusal to love the truth.

What is God’s purpose for us? We exist to worship him and to enjoy him forever. How do we accomplish that? It can only start by trusting that Jesus told the truth that he came from God to fix us and that all others who claimed the same were “thieves and robbers.” All religious founders cannot all be correct about God and eternal life because all religions fundamentally contradict each other. How does one begin to sort through all that confusion? Ideas and theories are abstract and hard to test. But the story of Christianity has, from the beginning, been a story that tangibly enters into human history for us to test.

God offers us Jesus as a test for truth. Jesus said, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one can come to the Father but by me.” How do we know that Jesus was telling the truth? The whole religion stands or falls, according to Paul if we continue reading this chapter, on whether Jesus really did rise from the dead or not. If so, then God has given us proof about who he is and how to relate to him and proof that Jesus’ warning of hell is not just some fear tactic to gain converts. If not, then the search goes on into ever foggier territory, but I have found that Jesus’ claims and the original Christians’ claims about Jesus are all true. Whether we know it or want to admit it or not, all the historical evidence points to the fact that Jesus was raised from the dead, and in this hope, we are saved from our pride, from the devil, from death itself, and from God’s eternal punishment for our otherwise unquenchably rebellious spirit. Would you begin to consider Jesus and his resurrection? And consider the Word of God. These have been given as accessible proof, not only of our desperate condition and the frightful punishment for evil, but also for the good news about Jesus and his cross and resurrection which saves us from it.

A Pardon Denied by Unbelief

The Good News about Jesus is a lot like a Presidential pardon from a prison sentence of treason. It proclaims that because we sin continually against our holy and good Creator Sovereign that we can only expect a verdict of eternal guilt for our on-going “cosmic treason.” It proclaims that the means by which we may be forgiven this guilt and debt to God was accomplished by the Son of God, Jesus of Nazareth, almost 2,000 years ago on a Roman cross, that though he was innocent of our treason and sin, he took the penalty for many, that whosoever believes in him and calls on his name will have their eternal guilt taken away (John 3:16; Rom 10:13). Instead of appearing before the judge with our own record of crimes, as if dressed in filthy clothes before a King, we who believe are given a clean record just as if given a set of new clothes that had belonged to the prince, Jesus. The Good News does not stop there and, in fact, it gets even better, but at this point it seems to some so foolish and far-fetched that they will not even look into whether it is true or not. They will just deny it outright, yet at the same time these same people will declare the Bible to be “unfair” because it requires belief in this Good News to be thus saved.

Now this accusation of “unfairness” is just what I would like to put to the test now. I have just reviewed what the Good News is, that of factually received news about who Jesus is and what Jesus has done on the behalf of those who believe. I have pointed out in previous posts (here and here) that our belief acts as a rudder, steering our lives, and thus, logically, matters a great deal to the outcome of our lives. But is God unfair to offer a pardon that only some believe and receive? We can ask that question another way. Is God fair to refuse a pardon to those whom deny it has ever been offered?

Do you see how this disbelief is actually a denial, not only of the work that Jesus has, in fact, done, but also a denial of any substitution granted on our behalf? It is as if one has said, “No one has paid for my sins, so I will take the responsibility to pay for them myself.” This self-righteous denial leads to a full conviction without pardon, since it was not only rejected but denied as if the pardon had never been offered. As C.S. Lewis wrote, “There are two kinds of people: those who say to God, ‘Thy will be done,’ and those to whom God says, ‘All right, then, have it your way.’”